The Long Term Risks of Hysterectomy

Nov 17, 2023

When it comes to making decisions about our bodies and health, it's important to be fully informed. One major surgical procedure that is often considered is hysterectomy. While hysterectomy can be a necessary and life-saving procedure for some women, it is crucial to understand the potential long term risks and complications that may arise after the surgery.

Understanding Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus, and in some cases, may also involve the removal of the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. It is performed for various reasons, such as addressing gynecological conditions like uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or cancer. Additionally, it can be recommended for individuals with chronic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, or other reproductive health concerns.

While hysterectomy can bring relief to many women, it's essential to weigh the potential long term consequences that may arise from the procedure.

The Potential Long Term Risks

1. Hormonal Changes and Menopause

The removal of the uterus and ovaries can result in hormonal imbalances and induce early menopause. This hormonal shift can lead to a range of symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, vaginal dryness, and decreased libido. It's crucial to discuss these potential effects with your healthcare provider to explore options for managing these symptoms.

2. Psychological Impact

Hysterectomy is a major surgery that alters a woman's reproductive system and can have a deeper psychological impact. Some women may experience feelings of loss, identity shift, or emotional distress after the procedure. It's important to seek emotional support during this time and consider counseling or therapy to address any psychological challenges that may arise.

3. Bladder and Bowel Issues

The removal of the uterus can sometimes lead to urinary incontinence or other bladder-related problems. Additionally, changes in the pelvic floor muscles can result in bowel movement difficulties or even fecal incontinence. Physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and medical interventions can help manage and improve these issues, but it's important to be aware of their potential occurrence.

4. Sexual Dysfunction

Hysterectomy can impact sexual function and satisfaction. Some women report a decrease in sexual desire, difficulty achieving orgasm, or even pain during intercourse. Open communication with your partner and healthcare professional can help address these concerns and explore potential solutions, such as hormonal therapy or pelvic floor therapy.

5. Long Term Health Risks

While hysterectomy itself is a common and safe procedure, it's crucial to consider the potential long term health risks that may arise. Studies have shown a potential link between hysterectomy and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and other health conditions. Understanding these risks and taking proactive measures to maintain overall health is important for individuals who have undergone a hysterectomy.

Managing Long Term Risks

While the aforementioned risks and complications associated with hysterectomy are possible, it's important to note that not all women will experience them. Taking proactive steps to manage and minimize these risks is necessary for maintaining overall well-being. Here are a few suggestions:

  • Follow a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and regular exercise to support overall health and reduce the risk of long term health conditions.
  • Seek regular medical check-ups and discuss any specific concerns with your healthcare provider.
  • Consider hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or other hormonal options to manage menopausal symptoms if appropriate for your situation.
  • Explore pelvic floor exercises or physical therapy to address any bladder or bowel issues that may arise.
  • Maintain an open and honest line of communication with your partner to address any sexual concerns and explore alternative methods of intimacy.


Understanding the potential long term risks and complications of hysterectomy is crucial for all individuals considering the procedure. While hysterectomy can bring relief and resolve certain health issues, it's important to be well-informed and proactive in managing any possible long term consequences. At, our team of skilled doctors and gynecologists prioritize women's health and well-being, providing expert insights and solutions. We believe in empowering women to make informed decisions about their bodies and their health. Reach out to us today to learn more about hysterectomy and the steps you can take to ensure a healthy and fulfilling life.

long term risks of hysterectomy